Tolkien described them as big, ugly creatures, "cruel, wicked, and bad-hearted. Tolkien used the term goblin extensively in The Hobbitand also occasionally in The Lord of the Ringsas when the Uruk-hai of Isengard are first described: "four goblin-soldiers of greater stature".
A clear illustration that Tolkien considered goblins and orcs to be the same thing, the former word merely being the English translation of the latter, is that in The Hobbit the only one of Tolkien's works in which he usually refers to orcs as goblins Gandalf asks Thorin if he remembers Azog the goblin who killed his grandfather Thror while in all his other writings Tolkien describes Azog as a "great Orc".
When Melkor was taken in chains to Valinorthe Orcs and other foul creatures were forced to flee from Angband. Their kingdoms spread throughout many mountains of Middle-earth; notable cities include Goblin-town near the High Pass above Rivendellthe Goblin-capital at Mount Gundabad, and the former Dwarf-kingdom of Moriaas well as those in the service of Isengard and Mordor. Even though goblins are portrayed as a very barbaric and tribal race their technology seems to be more advanced than other races in middle earth.
In The HobbitTolkien describes goblins as having dark technology. In the chapter "Over Hill and Under Hill" Tolkien states, "It is not unlikely that they invented some of the machines that have since troubled the world, especially the ingenious devices for killing large numbers of people at once, for wheels and engines and explosives always delighted them.
Goblin weapons include scimitars, axes, and spears, as well as bows. The great goblin-soldiers of Isengard, the "fighting Uruk-hai", are distinguished by their use of short, straight swords and long bows of yew. In popular parlance, perhaps because the word goblins was used in The Hobbit which was in many ways essentially a children's book whereas orcs came across as more fearsome in Tolkien's later works, it has become common for many to distinguish goblins as different from orcs: smaller and less fearsome, and less socially evolved.
The animated Goblins appearing in this film are large, putrid green, bestial creatures. They are far bulkier than what one normally expects for a Goblin, being either hugely muscular or fat. They also had bulbous toad-like heads featuring tusks, lupine ears, canine-like noses, and even horns.
This animated adaptation attempted to explain to viewers the identification of goblins with orcs. Early in the movie, Sam is heard thinking, "Orcs in the tower. Old Bilbo called them goblins. Whatever the name, I loathe the vile creatures. In the Peter Jackson movie The Fellowship of the Ringthe Goblins have overrun the dwarven colony in Moria long before the events of the movie.
When the Fellowship passes through the abandoned Dwarf city of Dwarrowdelf, Pippin accidentally alerts the Goblins to their presence, causing a fight to break out in Balin's Tomb. In this instance, their main weapon appears to be a Cave Troll, which has to be brought down by the whole Fellowship, but the entire force is wiped out by the end of the battle.
Unfortunately for them, even more Goblins intercept them in one of Dwarrowdelf's great halls, emerging from cracks in the floor and holes in the ceiling to aid their comrades. Trapped in a sea of Goblins, the Fellowship could only prepare for death, but the evil creatures suddenly paused as a menacing roar echoed in the distance. As a distant hall lit with a fiery orange glow, the Goblins inexplicably fled in all directions, leaving the Fellowship to wonder at their fortune — as well as at what was coming next: Durin's Bane.
In the book, Orcs are more effective fighters than in the film adaptation. It was an Orc chieftain who stabbed Frodo in the original story, rather than the Cave Troll shown in the movie, and Sam was also injured by another Orc.
Haldir tells the Fellowship that Orcs will pursue enemies for long distances, even during the day, to avenge the death of a chieftain. The Moria Orcs seen in the film seem to be larger and bulkier, towering over dwarves butt smaller than men.
The Goblins of the High Pass seen in Peter Jackson's first installment of the Hobbit trilogy are quite different compared to the Orcs of Moria, having flesh-toned skin and riddled with various skin diseases and deformations like harelips, mismatched or skewed eyes, and crooked-growing fingernails. They are overall much more grotesque than Goblins seen in the Lord of the Rings trilogy, being as tall as any Dwarf or Hobbit or some reaching to almost human height or even greater.
In the Hobbit, Tolkien describes orcs as a large variety of goblins, leading to the idea that goblins were of smaller build than orcs, although " The Great Goblin " and " Azog the Goblin" as they were called in The Hobbit were massive in size. In Peter Jackson's films, being of the same stature as dwarves and hobbits, the goblins are depicted in appearing to lead a much more tribal life compared to the orcs, often having a chief among smaller groups.
Compared to orcs, goblins are less organized and use a vast range of scavenged items of clothing, armour and weaponry. They also have a fear of light and the sun and will not step out in daylight most of the time. There are two varieties of goblins: The goblins of the Misty Mountain and the goblins of Moria. The goblins of the Misty Mountain have flesh-colored skin and seem to be afflicted with various skin diseases and deformations that include hairlips and stunted growth.
The goblins of Moria have a very green-colored skin tone compared to their Misty Mountain cousins with larger pointier ears and huge bulbous eyes that reflect their nature as cave creatures. Sign In Don't have an account?
Start a Wiki. It occurs in one or two places [in The Hobbit] but is usually translated goblin or hobgoblin for the larger kinds.Beforehand, they had been servants of the Witch-king of Angmar. The band of orcs led by Azog's subordinates, Yazneg and his lieutenant Fimbulis made up from orcs of different tribes, mainly from Gundabad and Moria. There are two types of Gundabad Orcs, the armored soldiers and the Berserkers.
The Berserkers have white snow-like skin and are stronger built than their fellow Gundabad Orcs, with long almost ape-like limbs and deep sunken eyes. They wield swords as well as huge maces and act as Bolg's main enforcers.
Legolas and Tauriel go to the fortress in Mount Gundabad to scout on Bolg. At night, Bolg commands the forces of Gundabad to march forth and legions of orcs along with other foul creatures are seen leaving the pass to Angmar and follow their leader to Erebor. These armies of Gundabad Orcs are later seen marching upon the battlefield near Ravenhill.
However, they are quickly engaged by Beorn and the Great Eagles led by Radagast ,and their forces are soundly defeated. The remaining orcs scatter into the mountains. Sign In Don't have an account? Start a Wiki. Non-Canon Alert! The subject of this article or section originates from non-canonical sources. Contents [ show ].
Categories :.Sign In. Gandalf Martin Freeman Bilbo Richard Armitage Thorin Ken Stott Balin Graham McTavish Dwalin William Kircher Bifur James Nesbitt Bofur Stephen Hunter Bombur Dean O'Gorman Fili Aidan Turner Kili John Callen Oin Peter Hambleton Gloin Jed Brophy Nori Mark Hadlow Dori Adam Brown Ori Orlando Bloom Legolas Evangeline Lilly Tauriel Lee Pace Thranduil Cate Blanchett Galadriel Hugo Weaving Elrond Christopher Lee Saruman Ian Holm Old Bilbo Benedict Cumberbatch Beorn Sylvester McCoy Radagast Luke Evans Bard Stephen Fry Master of Laketown Ryan Gage Alfrid John Bell Bain Peggy Nesbitt Sigrid Mary Nesbitt Tilda Manu Bennett Azog John Tui Bolg Billy ConnollyOrcs were brought into modern usage by the fantasy writings of J.
Tolkienespecially The Lord of the Rings. In Tolkien's works, orcs are a brutish, aggressive, ugly and malevolent race, contrasting with the benevolent Elves and serving an evil power, though they share a human sense of morality.
His description of them has been criticised as caricature -like, even racist by some commentators, though others have noted that Tolkien was clearly anti-racist by intention. Mythological monsters with names similar to "orc" can be found in the Old English poem Beowulfin Early Modern poetry, and in Northern European folk tales and fairy tales.
Tolkien stated that he took the name from Beowulf. Orcin Anglo-Saxon, like thyrsmeans a spectre, or goblin. The term is used just once in Beowulf as the plural compound orcneasone of the tribes alongside the elves and ettins giants condemned by God:.
Clark Halltr. Orcneas is translated "evil spirits" above, but its meaning is uncertain. In the tales, Basile used huorcohuerco or uercothe Neapolitan form of Italian orcolit. Tolkien began the modern use of the English term "orc" to denote a race of evil, humanoid creatures. His earliest Elvish dictionaries include the entry Ork orq- "monster", "ogre", "demon", together with orqindi and "ogresse". He sometimes used the plural form orqui in his early texts. Tolkien also observed a connection with the Latin word orcusnoting that "the word used in translation of Q[uenya] urkoS[indarin] orch is Orc.
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But that is because of the similarity of the ancient English word orc'evil spirit or bogey', to the Elvish words. There is possibly no connextion sic between them. Orcs are of human shape, and of varying size; [T 5] in The Hobbit they are called "goblins", though Thorin 's Elvish sword from Gondolin is named as "Orcrist, Goblin-cleaver, but the goblins called it simply Biter". They are fanged, bow-legged and long-armed; some have dark skin as if burned.
Whether that is true or spoken in malice is uncertain: an Orc flings Pippin stale bread and a "strip of raw dried flesh The orcs from Mordor speak the Black Speecha language invented for them by Sauronwhile those from Isengard speak other tongues; to understand each other, they use the Common Speech Westronsuch as Pippin overheard and understood. Tolkien proposed several theories for the origins of orcs.
Tolkien stated in a letter to a Mrs. Munsby that Orc-females must have existed.
Half-orcs appear in The Lord of the Ringscreated by interbreeding of Orcs and Men; [T 14] they were able to go in sunlight.At some point he had a son named Bolg. His son, Bolginherited the reign in Moria and continued it for decades until his death at the Battle of Five Armies. So began the War of the Dwarves and Orcs : the Dwarves began to hunt Azog, and many battles were fought beneath the earth. After nine years of war, before the gates of Moria itself, the climactic Battle of Azanulbizar was fought and Azog emerged from the gate of Moria.
Incidentally, this is the only place that J. Tolkien refers to Azog as a "goblin"; in other books such as The Lord of the RingsTolkien describes him as a "great Orc. Azog holding up Thror 's decapitated head.
He pursues and attacks Thorin and Company on their way to the Lonely Mountain, apparently out of vengeance. He is also portrayed as the largest orc to ever walk Middle-earth, easily surpassing any of his kin in size, rivaled only by his son Bolg. Later in the film, an orc captain, Yaznegreports his failure to kill the Dwarves back to Azog, and is thrown to the wargs by him with an orc pack camping on Weathertop.
Azog now hunts Thorin and Companyhaving taken an oath to break the line of Durin. He leads a band of hunter orcs and rides a huge white Warg. He is also shown wearing a prosthetic hand and forearm in place of his missing left arm. In a climactic scene of the film, Azog and his band of warg riders finally catch up with Thorin and Company, who are forced to climb trees to escape the wargs. However the wargs bring down the trees, leaving the company on a tree hanging over a cliff.
Thorin cannot hold back his anger and charges at Azog, who easily fells Thorin with his mace. Azog then orders one of his orc followers to bring him Thorin's head, but the wounded dwarf lord is saved by Bilbo Baggins.
Most of the orcs and wargs are killed by the eagles, but Azog, his white Warg, and a few of the orc riders are left alive. However, he is unable to attack them due to Beorn patrolling the area in his bear form. Bolg arrives and tells his father 'the Master' summons him, to which he reluctantly agrees. Given command of his army, Azog demands the promise of Thorin's head, to which Sauron tells him all will die anyway. When Gandalf investigates Dol Guldur later in the film, he discovers the ruins are actually from a concealment spell placed by the Necromancer.
As he removes the spell Azog leaps out and knocks him down in a surprise attack and taunts the wizard of his late interference, revealing the mass legions he has gathered. He prepares to kill him, but Gandalf uses his staff to keep the Defiler at bay, who still makes several attempts to strike. Gandalf escapes before the Dark Lord subdues him. Azog leads the army out towards the Lonely Mountain, determined to fulfill his oath in the upcoming battle against Middle-earth.
In The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five ArmiesAzog is marching with his orc army consisting mainly of Morian orcs, warg riders and many deformed trolls and ogres on the Lonely Mountain when Bolg arrives and informs him that Legolas and Tauriel attacked him. Azog asks Bolg if he killed the elves but Bolg replies that he didn't, much to his father's dismay.
Azog then tells Bolg to go to Gundabad and bring another orc army to the battle. During the battle, Azog commands his army by using signal flags which tell a legion when to attack. He first uses were-worms to dig his army a route to the mountain to move unseen.
As the orcs charge, the dwarves form a shield wall, standing like a spiked wall against the wave of charging orcs.Sign In. Gandalf Martin Freeman Bilbo Richard Armitage Thorin Ken Stott Balin Graham McTavish Dwalin William Kircher Bofur Stephen Hunter Bombur Dean O'Gorman Fili Aidan Turner Kili John Callen Oin Peter Hambleton Nori Mark Hadlow Ori Ian Holm Old Bilbo Elijah Wood Frodo Hugo Weaving Elrond Cate Blanchett Galadriel Christopher Lee Saruman Andy Serkis Gollum Sylvester McCoy Radagast Barry Humphries Great Goblin Jeffrey Thomas Thror Michael MizrahiOrcs were the primary foot soldiers of the Dark Lords' armies and sometimes the weakest but most numerous of their servants.
They were created by the first Dark Lord, Morgothbefore the First Age and served him and later his successor in their quest to dominate Middle-earth.
Many Orcs along with fallen Maiar and other evil servants of Melkor survived in the deep caves, pits, chambers, and tunnels of Melkor's great underground fortresses of Utumno and Angband.
They multiplied and later spread through northern Middle-earth. They were first seen by the Dwarves who reported them to King Thingolthe High King of the Sindarcausing the latter to seek weapons of war for the first time.
The newly organised orcs killed Denethorthe King of the lightly armed Laiquendibut were eventually defeated by Thingol and his allies. The heavy losses that the Sindar suffered at the hands of the Orcs frightened them to the point that MelianQueen of Doriath raised a great enchantment to protect their kingdom.
The Laiquendiwho suffered the most in the battle, hid themselves in the Ossiriand under the cloak of secrecy, or took refuge in Doriath. Melkor was the first to learn of the Awakening of the Elves. He soon began sending evil spirits among the Elves, who planted seeds of doubt against the Valar. It is also rumoured that some of the elves were being captured by a "Rider" if they strayed too far, and the elves later believed these were brought to Utumno, where they were cruelly tortured and twisted into Orcs.
In the First Agethousands of Orcs were bred in Angband by Morgoth and to participate in the Battles of Beleriandwhich lasted years. They first appeared in the Battle of Lhammothwhere they were defeated by the Noldor. Years later, when the House of Fingolfin arrived in Middle-earth, Orcs were sent against them as well, but they were utterly defeated in the Battle of the Lammoth.
After their crushing defeat in the Dagor Aglareb and in a minor raid on Hithlumthe Orcs nevertheless regained their numbers.
In the Dagor Bragollach and Nirnaeth Arnoediadthey and their master won crushing victories against the free peoples. However, they were nearly destroyed in the War of Wrathand those that survived fled eastwards into the Mountains of Angmar and the Grey Mountains.
Despite the immeasurable number of Orcs present, the battle was won by the Elves and the Numenoreans due to their united force and numbers. Until Sauron's final downfall in the Third Age, Orcs remained the backbone of the armies of Mordorand of Isengard when Saruman ruled it. Orcs of Mordor as depicted by John Howe. Tolkien 's writings, Orcs were cruel, sadistic, black-hearted, vicious, and hateful of everybody and everything, particularly the orderly and prosperous. They were generally squat, broad, flat-nosed, sallow-skinned, bow-legged, with wide mouths and slant eyes, long arms, dark skin, and fangs.
Tolkien describes one "huge Orc chieftain" as "almost Man-high", and some must have been close to Hobbit height, as Sam and Frodo were able to disguise themselves as Orcs in Mordor.
They were roughly humanoid in shape with pointed ears, sharpened teeth and grimy skin. Their appearance was considered revolting by most of the other races. Orcs made no beautiful things, but many clever ones including machines, tools, weapons, and instruments of torture.
They were delighted by wheels, engines, and explosions, and could tunnel and mine as well as any but the most skilled Dwarves, though they are often untidy and dirty. They hated themselves, and had an even deeper hatred for Melkor, thus resulting as a violent and warlike race in a perpetual state of chaos with itself and others. Despite their abominable nature, Orcs were often crafty and clever rather than dim-witted.The Hobbit - Best Of Azog
Tolkien writes that they were capable smiths and craftsmen, though their weapons and belongings are described as crude compared to those of the Free Peoples. Orcs also developed tunnel-making, so as to dwell underground away from the light. Wickedness and violence were their nature, and it was not uncommon for them to kill each other in petty quarrels. Orcs had unchangeable disdain for all Elves, Dwarves, and Men, though they fought alongside wicked men under Morgoth and then Sauron in the First and Third Age and were also said to have made alliances with wicked dwarves.
In Tolkien's Sindarin language, Orc is orchplural yrch. The original sense of the word seems to be "bogey", "bogeyman"that is, something that provokes fear, as seen in the Quenya cognate urkopl. In the old English Orc means "demon. This same word was also used by Legolasindicating that it is Sindarin. Sign In Don't have an account? Start a Wiki.
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